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Friday, July 31, 2020 | History

2 edition of application of uranium and thorium series isotopes to the study of certain British aquifers. found in the catalog.

application of uranium and thorium series isotopes to the study of certain British aquifers.

Jeffrey Charles Cuttell

application of uranium and thorium series isotopes to the study of certain British aquifers.

by Jeffrey Charles Cuttell

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  • 31 Currently reading

Published by University of Birmingham in Birmingham .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - University of Birmingham, Dept of Geological Sciences.

ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL13825117M

Analysis of Ra in water • Weigh up a suitable amount of water (10 litre is mostly sufficient). • Add HNO 3 to pH • Add Ba tracer (ca 10 Bq). • Add about 13 ml of a M KMnO 4. • Adjust pH to about with ammonia. • Add 15 ml M MnCl 2 and stir for some 5 minutes. • Adjust with KMnO 4 or MnCl 2 to make the sample water phase slightly pink. About Cookies, including instructions on how to turn off cookies if you wish to do so. By continuing to browse this site you agree to us using cookies as described in .

Thorium is the most stable isotope of thorium and accounts for nearly all natural thorium, with the other five natural isotopes occurring only in traces. Thorium is estimated to be about three to four times more abundant than uranium in the Earth’s crust, and is chiefly refined from monazite sands [ Monazite contains % thorium. As expected, the highest contents of uranium isotopes were found in the river water, from the Ner, as a result of additional anthropogenic uranium input from agricultural application of phosphoric fertilizer. In this water activity, concentrations varied from to mBq/dm 3 and from to mBq/dm 3 for U and U respectively.

A study on the transport mechanisms of uranium and thorium in fractured-rock aquifers, initiated in the hope of understanding the actual processes controlling radionuclide mobilisation, is reported here. Hydrochemical investigations of the various boreholes were sampled for water quality in June, The hydrochemical description is typical. This new document provides updated scientific data and information related to the health effects of uranium, and still focuses on kidney effects in male rats. It outlines analytical methods and treatment technologies available at the municipal and residential scales. It proposes to reaffirm the MAC of mg/L (20 µg/L) for total uranium in drinking water.


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Application of uranium and thorium series isotopes to the study of certain British aquifers by Jeffrey Charles Cuttell Download PDF EPUB FB2

The 4n chain of Th is commonly called the "thorium series" or "thorium cascade". Beginning with naturally occurring thorium, this series includes the following elements: actinium, bismuth, lead, polonium, radium, radon and thallium. All are present, at least transiently, in any natural thorium-containing sample, whether metal, compound.

The application of uranium and thorium series isotopes to the study of certain British aquifers. Universtiy of Birmingham, Ph.D. thesis, pp. (Unpublished.) Elsinger, R.J. and Moore, W.S., ~Ra behaviour in the Pee Dee River-Winyeh Bay by: Uranium (92 U) is a naturally occurring radioactive element that has no stable has two primordial isotopes, uranium and uranium, that have long half-lives and are found in appreciable quantity in the Earth's decay product uranium is also found.

Other isotopes such as uranium have been produced in breeder addition to isotopes found in nature or Standard atomic weight A(U): (3). Isotopes of Uranium.

The main isotopes, which have to be considered in the fuel cycle of all commercial light water reactors, are:Naturally-occurring isotopes U.

U belongs to the group of fertile isotopes. U decays via alpha decay to Th with half-life of ~×10 9 years. U occasionally decays by spontaneous fission with probability of %. The activities ranged from to Bq/l, while the concentrations of parent uranium and thorium isotopes ranged from x 10(-3) to mg/l.

The results were compared with those for. Uranium Isotopes in a Sandstone Aquifer - Interpretation of Data and Implications for Groundwater Dating uranium-and thorium-series One of the most important fields for hydrogeological. As before, the book presents a comprehensive discussion of the theory and analytical methodology of uranium-series disequilibrium.

The new edition emphasizes the diverse applications of uranium-series disequilibrium to problems in the Earth, marine, and environmental sciences, particularly with respect to developments that have occurred in the.

Nearly 2 million people throughout the Great Plains and California live above aquifer sites contaminated with natural uranium that is mobilized by human-contributed nitrate, according to a study.

Sample preparation and separation and activity measurement of uranium, thorium and radium isotopes. For U analysis, 20 l of water was collected from each well, then filtered through mm and spiked with U (12 dpm = Bq); 6 ml of a Fe 2+ solution was added, and U was co-precipitated with Fe(OH) 3 by raising pH.

High uranium in Indian aquifers: where, why; High uranium in Indian aquifers: where, why Several studies have linked exposure to uranium in drinking water to kidney diseases. The World Health Organisation has set a provisional safety standard of 30 microgrammes of uranium per litre.

«Back. Radiochemistry of Uranium-Series Isotopes in Groundwater. Final. Executive Summary. Chemical analysis of water from interaquifer connector wells (“recharge wells”) and associated monitor wells in the Central Florida Phosphate District has provided a basis for understanding the chemistry of the Surficial and upper Floridan aquifers and of recharge wells.

The uptake of uranium in gar- den vegetables irrigated with uranium-rich water is well documented in a study conducted near Nambé by two LANL environmental scientists and a researcher from the Department of Radiological Health Sciences at Colorado State University and published by LANL (Hayes, Fresquez and Whicker, LAMS).

Through a series of bacterial and chemical reactions, nitrate releases naturally occurring uranium, making it soluble. This allows uranium to seep into the groundwater, the researchers explained.

The High Plains aquifer contains uranium concentrations up to 89 times the. thorium series isotopes in freshwater lake systems and to determine uranium and thorium series nuclides in freshwater and estuarine food chains.

These latter programs require a wide variety of samples to be taken (water, soils, sediments, plants, and animals) and each is analyzed for alpha and gamma emitting isotopes (U and Th isotopes, p0. The analyses of the uranium isotopes were performed using ICP-MS and the results indicated a range of concentrations for U and U at 3–39 ng L −1 (average: 18 ng L −1) and –5, ng L −1 (average: 2, ng L −1) respectively.

These uranium concentrations are below the higher permissible WHO limit for drinking water and. Abstract Naturally occurring U and Th series radionuclides have been analyzed in high temperature brines (~°C, 25 wt% dissolved solids) and associated rocks from two deep geothermal wells located on the northeastern margin of the Salton Sea Geothermal Field (SSGF).

Uranium Uranium (U) Alpha particle: the nucleus of a helium atom, made up of two neutrons and two protons with a charge of +2. Certain radioactive nuclei emit alpha particles. Alpha particles generally carry more energy than gamma or beta particles, and deposit that.

Occurrence of Uranium and Radon in Glacial and Bedrock Aquifers in the Northern United States, – By Joseph D. Ayotte, Sarah M. Flanagan, and William S. Morrow Scientific Investigations Report – U.S. Department of the Interior U.S. Geological Survey.

Addressing the issue might require managing groundwater and focusing on the aquifers’ sediment, which houses bacteria that can help control uranium by breathing and eating it, she said. Regardless of the approach, Weber said it is important for decision-makers and researchers to account for the presence of uranium in U.S.

water sources. UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS GROUNDWATER – Vol. II – Environmental Isotopes in Groundwater Studies - Pradeep K.

Aggarwal, Klaus Froehlich, Kshitij M. Kulkarni ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Isotopic standards used for the other elements are a fossil shell, VPDB for 13C/12C, atmospheric nitrogen for 15N/14N, and a naturally occurring sulfide mineral, CDT. Abstract. In recent years, the study of surface and groundwater colloids has gained considerable momentum for a number of reasons.

These include the failure of computer models to account correctly for the observed mass transport, the concern of environmental regulating organisations that not all sources of these colloids had been accounted for, and the development of new techniques for the.Five groundwater samples taken from different Hydrogeologie settings in Connecticut were analyzed for major cation chemistry and the concentration of U and Th decay series nuclides U, Th, Ra.Aquifers used for agriculture and drinking water in California and the Midwest of the United States contain uranium and nitrate levels up times recommended levels, according to a study in the peer reviewed journal Environmental Science and Technology Letters.